Though spices have been incorporated into diverse cuisines since a long time, the correlation between its usage and its benefits have been recently found strong foundation into nutrition. Turmeric has curcuminoid compounds. From this curcuminoid compounds, curcumin is the most important factor that contributes to antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. It is an Indian spice that comes from a plant of Zingiberaceae family. Turmeric has been used for its medicinal properties, but its exact mechanisms and active ingredients analyses have solidified its name as a nutraceutical.
Traditionally, turmeric was known for its antioxidant effects, anti-inflammatory, anti-migraine, antimicrobial, and anti-tumor effects. Recently, turmeric has been found to have preventative or medicinal effects on neurological diseases, cardiovascular diseases, inflammatory bowel diseases, metabolic disorders, autoimmune diseases, and cancer. For example, 2 diabetes, premenstrual syndrome, high cholesterol, and arthritis etc. With recent studies, it has shown potential for medicinal effects in depression and Alzheimer.
Turmeric can be included in diet through curry, tea, rice, chicken, fish soup, pasta, vegetables, potatoes, by itself, and through pill supplements. It has a mild aromatic scent of orange and ginger with a slight bitter taste. It can also be used in skin care and face mask for acne and skin treatments.
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Reference: Teixeira, Jéssika P., et al. "Future Therapeutic Perspectives into the Alzheimer’s Disease Targeting the Oxidative Stress Hypothesis." Molecules 24.23 (2019): 4410.